Learn To Earn

AgProfit Strategies is dedicated to delivering information and ideas to help you profit more. From mastitus treatment and dairy Heifer cost variation, to planning breeding programs and converting cattle to beef, we have a library of articles and videos to get on the road to better farming.

Dairy Learning Modules

Read these documents to learn more about dairy production 
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On-Farm Culture: Smart Approach to Clinical Mastitis Treatment

On-farm culturing allows for more informed decisions to be made regarding treatment and can help answer questions about whether to treat a quarter or not.

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Consider More Than Days of Age When Weaning Calves

For many operations the decision to wean calves is based solely on age. If calves are experiencing growth slumps, the transition period may need some changes.

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National Dairy FARM Program: What You Need to Know

The FARM program is open to all US dairy producers, co-ops, and processors to earn the trust of consumers and show how we are taking the best care of our animals. 

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Handwashing on Dairy Farms Is Not Just During a Pandemic

Whether we face an emerging virus pandemic or carry out daily operations on a farm, handwashing is a simple, but invaluable protective measure for everyone.

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Dairy Sense: Keeping the Dairy Right Sized

Regardless of the dairy’s herd size, there is one key theme that applies to everyone, a land base that matches the number of cows and heifers in the herd.

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Dairy Sense: Facing Financial Angst In Good and Bad Times

A good record keeping system and chart of accounts goes a long way to empower producers to in learning their breakeven costs.

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Automatic Feeding Group Housing Systems

Proper management is key to the success of group calf housing systems, important for  successful calf rearing.

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Cover Crops, Double Crops, and Cost Considerations

Utilizing cover crops in a double cropping system may provide an additional economic benefit to dairies.

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Hybrid Testing Reveals Dairy Corn Silages Can Be Compared

Results for NDF and starch digestibility yield discussion about the impact of corn silage in rations for dairy cattle.

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Ventilation Systems, Efficiency, and Maintenance for Dairy Housing

Well-built and efficient fans and maintenace goes a long way in helping to achieve ventilation needs while keeping energy costs in check on the dairy.

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Dairy Heifer Cost Variation Big Factor to Dairy Farmer Operation

Dairy heifer replacement costs represent a large investment for all dairy operations. The heifer and crop enterprises are two major components of the dairy business.

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Economic Benefits of Rightsizing the Farm Dairy Replacements Numbers

Determine how many heifers you need on your farm for a healthy economics on the farm. Producers can’t rely on raising replacements and later sell them to generate cash.

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Dairy Sense: Small Grain Silage for the Lactating Herd

Double cropping corn silage acres with a small grain is a strategy that provides additional forage inventory and maintains cover on fields, reducing sediment and nutrient loss.

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Dairy Sense: Getting Lost in the Minutia Can Be Counter-Productive

Trouble shooting herd problems can be very challenging and difficult. Take the big picture approach to solving problems. Alternate moves can create ripple effect.

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Dairy Sense: Will Raising Crossbred Dairy Steers Improve Cash Flow?

Dairy producers have been investigating crossbred steers as an alternative enterprise to improve cash flow. There are a lot of aspects to consider before adopting this strategy.

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Body Condition in Transition Cows Extremely Important To Your Operation

Excellent nutrition during lactation results in proper body condition in dry cows, which is a determining factor for a successful next lactation. Body condition can be easily influenced by environment.

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Dairy Sense: Home Raised Feed Costs vs. Market Costs

Costs associated with the cropping enterprise are extremely important. Accounting for all the expenses needs to be included to accurately determine the bottlenecks to profitability.

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Controlling the 4C's: Crops, Cows, Cash and Conservation

In today’s economic climate profitable farms target management practices on crops, cows, cash and conservation or the 4C’s. People often ask if there are commonalities, such as super forage quality or high milk production.

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Time-saving Tips for Record Keeping With QuickBooks™

Time is the one resource that is continually in short demand, especially when it comes to managing financial records. QuickBooks™ can help make book-keeping easy and efficient.

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Progesterone, Ovulation, Pregnancy: How They Impact Reproduction 

The more we learn about progesterone, the more we realize the impacts on various aspects of reproductive function – oocyte quality, development of follicles, ovulation, fertilization, embryo quality, and maintenance of pregnancy.

Grain Learning Modules

Read these documents to learn more about grain production 
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Estimating Grain Transportation Costs Important For Farmers

Marketing grain involves making decisions about when to sell, how to sell, and where to sell. With the increased availability of ethanol plants, feed mills, barge loading facilities, and grain processors, farmers have many choices for a selling location. 

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Stored Grain Insect Pest Management Important to Profits

Direct-feeding damage by insects reduces grain weight, nutritional value, and germination of stored grain. Infestations also cause contamination, odor, mold, and heat-damage problems that reduce the quality of the grain and may make it unfit.

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Maximize Grain Quality and Profits Using S.L.A.M.

S.L.A.M. represents four simple steps – sanitation, load-ing, aeration, and monitoring. Grain storage never improvesgrain quality! Thus, it is the objective of S.L.A.M. to maintain maximum post-harvest quality by protecting stored grains andoilseeds

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Iowa Commodity Challenge. Grain Marketing Tools

Crop marketing is difficult. Emotions can impact your choices on the timing and size of yourmarketing moves. Unpredictable events can shape the market, and the prices you receive, at anytime.Beating the market is unrealistic.

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Grain Storage Aeration Is Important For Farmers To Contain Losses

Estimated annual grain loss from harvest to consumption is approximately 10 percent of total production. About half the loss occurs during harvest; the remainderin storage. These losses can be reduced if proper procedures are followed by producers.

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Basic Soil Health Test Kit Manual From Rodale Institute

This manual addresses measuring soil pH, nitrates, phosphates, and sulfates. It also covers estimating water infiltration rate, water holding capacity, and soil pH, nitrate, phosphate, and sulfate content.This is a guide accompanying a kit. 

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Calculating the Value of Manure for Crop Production 

This Nebraska guide provides criteria and guidelines to determine the market value of manure for crop production. Manure does not supply nutrients ih balance with crop needs, but has the value of slowly releasing nutrients, minimizing nitrate leaching. 

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The Cost of Storing Grain to Help Producers Maximize Profits

The availability of storage adds flexibility to a grain marketing program. Storage enables the producer to use marketing tools that capture seasonal price increases and/or narrower basis levels following harvest.
Storage can increase a producer’s income.

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Important Considerations for Farm Machinery Selection 

Putting together an ideal machinery system is not easy. Equipment that works best one year may not work well the next because of changes in weather conditions or crop production practices. Improvements in design may make older equipment obsolete.

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Grain Storage Alternatives: An Economic Comparison

Grain prices tend to be higher later in the marketing year than at harvest. Storing grain can help you capture the carry in the market. Flexibility in where and when grain is sold can also be maintained. Harvesting  progress faster if grain doesn't have to be delivered off-site.

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The Five Soil Health Principles That Demand Your Attention Now

Healthy soils have a protective surface layer of plant residue to control soil temperature and reduce evaporation. This maintains a favorable environment for soil biology. You can preserve residue to keep soil covered by leaving crop residues in the field.

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Integrating Cover Crops Into a Corn-Soybean Rotation

Interest in cover crops has increased among farmers inthe eastern Corn Belt. Cover crops have many potentialbenefits, but farmers need to manage them carefully toavoid or reduce the risks to crop production. This is for farmers new to cover crops.

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Managing Soil Health: Why You Need to Pay Attention

The overall goal of a soil health management program is to balance nutrient inputs and outputs and ensure a good balance of nutrients for the crop. It requires a mix of proper tillage, irrigation, crop residue and weed management.

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How to Operate a 566 John Deere Round Baler

This instructional video is shot by a farmer in the cab. He details the control monitor panel, and highlights the most used features of the baler. He not only explains, but shows you the results as he moves along. A great video of how to properly operate this baler.

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Farmlogs Management App Gives You Digital Records

FarmLogs is a farm management app used by thousands of growers to keep digital farm records, monitor field and crop conditions, and analyze their farm’s financial performance in order to lower costs and increase profitability.

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Experiment With Crop Marketing Simulation Tools 

The Ag Survivor simulation program is a software tool developed by the RightRisk Education Team to teach risk concepts and management strategies to agricultural producers in an experiential learning environment. 

Cattle Learning Modules

Read these documents to learn more about cattle production 
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Key Beef Cattle Marketing Concepts

For managers of beef cattle enterprises marketing means two things. First, it is using market information, and then getting the most out of the cattle that are sold and to pay the least for cattle and other purchased inputs.

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Using Cattle Psychology To Proper Handle Cattle

Proper handling of beef cattle requires knowledge of cattle behavior and the presence of adequate handling facilities with sufficient fencing, watering, and feeding to allow you to utilize recommended management procedures.

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Importance of Beef Cattle Record Keeping

The level of record keeping practiced on a farm often
defines the level of success the operation can expect to achieve. Even the best operational managers can consider only a limited number of factors into each decision.

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What the Cattle Cycle Is and It’s Impacts 

Expansion, turn-around and contraction in the cattle cycle is examined here. When you better understand the dynamics  you can make better decisions in maximizing profits on your livestock operation. 

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Missouri Beef Value-Added Study

Profitability in growing and finishing beef cattle depends primarily on the cost of producing gain and the value of that gain. The value of gain per pound is the difference between an animal's purchase price and its sales value divided by the gain added.

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Beef Cow Joint Agreements

Since owning cattle involves a relatively high capital investment, many cow-calf enterprises are carried out jointly by two or more people. One party may own the breeding herd while another party supplies the labor to take care of them.

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Converting Cattle to Beef: The End Product

It is important to understand the basics behind beef as a food. A variety salable products exist for cattle producers: seedstock—bulls and/or replacement heifers; cow/calf—weanlings and/or yearlings; backgrounders—yearlings;and feedlot—fed cattle.

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Planning the Breeding Program

The quality of cattle produced by the beef industry is determined by the cattle’s genetic makeup and the management system to which they are subjected. Genetic makeup is under total control of breeders, both purebred and commercial.

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Estimated Costs for Livestock Fencing

Fencing costs are one of the most expensive aspects of livestock grazing. The type of fence greatly impacts the cost per foot, total cost, and annual ownership cost. The shape of the paddocks affects theamount of materials needed and labor required.

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Ranchers Annual Agriculture Leasing Handbook

Whether a person owns land or is seeking to find land to rent, leasing property for grazing or hunting leases can be beneficial for both parties. Similarly, both the owner and lessee of livestock benefit from lease agreements as well.

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Health and Management Techniques

A healthy, disease-free herd is a goal for all beef producers.Your herd health program will be most successful when youand your veterinarian customize it to your herd’s needs. Plan a program that prevents diseases and disorders.

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Feeding the Cow Herd Is One of the Biggest Costs

Feed is the biggest single cost of maintaining the beef herd. You must meet the nutrient needs if you want to obtain a high percent calf crop with heavy weaning weights in a short period of time. However, you should meet these nutrient needs in a cost effective manner to achieve profitability.